-ium

I
cvb aff. a suffix found on nouns borrowed from Latin, esp. derivatives of verbs (odium; tedium; colloquium; delirium), deverbal compounds with the initial element denoting the object of the verb (nasturtium), other types of compounds (equilibrium; millennium), and derivatives of personal nouns, often denoting the associated status or office (collegium; consortium; magisterium)
Etymology: < NL, L II
-ium
aff. a suffix of scientific coinages, occurring esp. in names of elements
barium; titanium[/ex]
and names of plant and fungus structures
mycelium; pollinium[/ex]
and in Latinizations of the Greek formative -ion (pericardium), as well as coinages modeled on such words
epithelium; periodontium[/ex]
Etymology: < NL or L-ium(< Gk-ion)

From formal English to slang. 2014.

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